Horseradish is a perennial plant which also includes mustard, wasabi, broccoli, and cabbage. It grows up to 4.9 feet (1.5 meters) tall, and is cultivated primarily for its large, white, tapered root.
The intact horseradish root has hardly any scent. When cut or grated, enzymes break down sinigrin (a glucosinolate) to produce allyl isothiocyanate (mustard oil), which irritates the mucous membranes of the sinuses and eyes. Grated horseradish should be used immediately or preserved in vinegar for best flavor. Once exposed to air or heat it will begin to lose its pungency, darken in color, and become unpleasantly bitter tasting.
Nutrition:The fresh plant contains an average 79 mg of vitamin C per 100 g of raw horseradish.
Cooks use the terms "horseradish" or "prepared horseradish" to refer to the grated root of the horseradish plant mixed with vinegar. Prepared horseradish is white to creamy-beige in color. It will keep for months refrigerated but eventually will darken, indicating it is losing flavor and should be replaced. The leaves of the plant, while edible, are not commonly eaten, and are referred to as "horseradish greens", which have a flavor of root.
Horseradish sauce made from grated horseradish root and vinegar is a popular condiment; used with roast beef and other dishes, including sandwiches or salads. In the USA, the term "horseradish sauce" refers to grated horseradish combined with mayonnaise or salad dressing. Prepared horseradish is a common ingredient in Bloody Mary cocktails and in cocktail sauce, and is used as a sauce or sandwich spread.
Baked Salmon with Horseradish Sauce
Number of Servings: 2
2, 5 oz Salmon filets
2 Tbs. Lemon Juice
1 Tbs. Worchester Sauce
1 Tbs. Mayonnaise, light
1 Tsp. Horseradish
Preheat oven to 400 degrees F. Rinse filets and pat dry. In baking dish combine lemon juice and Worchestersauce. Add salmon and coat both sides with mixture. Combine mayonnaise and horseradish, mix well and spread over top of salmon filets. Sprinkle paprika over filets. Cover dish with foil. Bake in 400 degree F oven for eight minutes. Uncover and continue baking for 3 more minutes.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of horseradish for the following medical uses: Urinary tract problems, Fluid retention (edema), Cough, Bronchitis, Achy joints and muscles, Gout, Gallbladder disorders, Sciatic nerve pain, Colic, and Intestinal worms in children.
Side Effects, Precautions and Warnings
Mustard oil is extremely irritating to the lining of the mouth, throat, nose, digestive system, and urinary tract. Horseradish can cause side effects including stomach upset, bloody vomiting, and diarrhea. It may also slow down the activity of the thyroid gland.
When used on the skin, horseradish is possibly safe, but in large quantities may cause skin irritation and allergic reactions.
Horseradish is unsafe in children less than 4 years old. In young children it may cause digestive tract problems.
Horseradish in large amounts is unsafe when pregnant and breast-feeding. The mustard oil in Horseradish can be toxic and irritating. Horseradish tincture should not be used regularly or in large amounts because it might cause a miscarriage.
Horseradish is not recommended with any of the following conditions: stomach or intestinal ulcers, inflammatory bowel disease, infections or other digestive tract conditions.
Horseradish may worsen hypothyroidism.
There is concern horseradish might increase urine flow. This could be a problem for people with kidney disorders.
Spinach Tofu Lasagna Makes six to eight servings. Adapted from Animals Deserve Absolute Protection Today and Tomorrow (ADAPTT.) ADAPTT believes all animals have an inherent right to be free and live completely unfettered by human dominance.
Cook the lasagna noodles according to the package directions. Drain and set aside on a towel. Do not let them stick together. If this happens, run warm water over them to separate.
Preheat oven to 350ᵒ degrees F.
Squeeze the spinach as dry as possible and set aside. Place the tofu, soy milk, garlic powder, lemon juice, and basil in a food processor or blender and blend until smooth.
Cover the bottom of a 9 x 13 baking dish with a thin layer of tomato sauce, then a layer of noodles (use about one-third). Follow with a layer of half of the tofu filling and half of the spinach. Continue in the same order using half of the remaining tomato sauce and noodles and all of the remaining tofu filling and spinach. End with the remaining noodles, covered by the remaining tomato sauce.
Bake for 25 to 30 minutes.
To encourage healthy eating, prepare and present the foods with the
same attention to details, as if you were a pastry chef.
Culinary education is available from a wide number of institutions offering diploma, associate, and bachelor degree programs in culinary arts. Depending on the level of education, this can take one to four years. An internship is often part of the curriculum. Most professional kitchens follow the apprenticeship system.
These are some of the most well known culinary schools in the food-service industry and culinary arts.
About twenty years ago, a dear friend who was a chef told me “if it is not made from real butter and real cream, it is not real food.” Sadly, he passed away from heart disease.
Nutrition and food safety is now apart of all culinary school curriculums. There are dietitians who have certification in the culinary arts and are creating healthy cuisines that have grown in popularity.
More chefs are teaming up with dietitians to meet the needs of the community. Even Elmo and the White House Assistant Chef Sam Kass talk about the importance of healthy and delicious school meals.
The videos featured below give you a history of the profession during the 20th and 21st century. As we move towards the present, you will notice how health and nutrition play an important role in the development of new cuisines and the modification of traditional favorites.
The American Culinary Federation, Inc. (ACF), a professional, organization for chefs and cooks, was founded in 1929 in New York City by three chefs’ organizations: the Société Culinaire Philanthropique, the Vatel Club and the Chefs de Cuisine Association of America. They are an organization based on promoting the professional image of American chefs worldwide through education of culinarians at all levels.
In 1976, ACF forever changed the culinary industry by elevating the position of the executive chef from service status to the professional category in the U.S. Department of Labor’s Dictionary of Official Titles. Since this change, the culinary industry has grown tremendously.
ACF is the culinary leader in offering educational resources, training, apprenticeship and programmatic accreditation designed to enhance professional growth for all current and future chefs and pastry chefs. In addition, ACF operates the most comprehensive certification program for chefs in the United States. ACF is home to ACF Culinary Team USA, the official representative for the United States in major international culinary competitions, and to the Chef and Child Foundation, founded in 1989 to promote proper nutrition in children and combat childhood obesity.
Seven chefs unite to take on the challenge of their careers. They will compete in a
global event to test their skills like never before. They are ACF Culinary Team USA.
Elmo joins White House Assistant Chef Sam Kass in the White House kitchen to talk about the importance of healthy and delicious school meals following President Obama's signing of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act. This legislation is an important step forward toward ensuring that no child goes to school hungry and that all children have access to healthy, nutritious foods at school.
Formed in 1996 by a group of food professionals with a common interest in the challenges facing the profession. RCA has become the premier source of culinary and technical information for the food industry, with a professionally diverse membership including chefs, food scientists, and other industry professionals who are shaping the future of food research and development.
What is Culinology®?
"It is the blending of culinary arts and food science, promoted by the Research Chefs Association. This fast-growing discipline is gaining popularity
in the industry and popping up in degree programs at the college level
because the food product development industry is demanding that
their professionals have a combination of culinary and food science skills"